2016, Volume 12, Issue 1
The result of “testing fights in a vertical posture” as a selection criterion for professional training of judo sport – prognostic value TFVP
1Department of Physical Education and Sport, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Author for correspondence: Wojciech Niedomagała; Department of Physical Education and Sport, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Background & Study Aim: Judo, like many other sports, in the professional meaning can practice in two ways. For health, cognitive, utilitarian (as the art of self-defence) purposes and for satisfaction as the favourite “sport of life”. The second dimension of professional is sports career. The aim of the study is an answer to two questions: whether young athletes, who won in the most “testing fights in a vertical posture” (TFVP) with peers starting practicing judo, at the same time most effectively settle the tournament fighting (TF) during the 3-years stage of preliminary training the judo? what part of the youths, which revealed the highest skills for practicing judo sports is giving further trainings up and in what period of the 4-years stage of preliminary training the judo of such events is the most frequently?
Material & Methods: In the study examined 997 boys and girls in age 7 to 13 years across the Poland (from 39 leading judo clubs), which began judo training in 2006. The study takes into account the results of 363 boys and 113 girls – those who competed in judo tournament from the club to international level. The results TFVP associated with TF.
Results: Young athletes which won groups during TFVP in competing groups of the five-, four- and three-person at the same time often proved high efficiency during TF. A very large diversity in the number of TF fought is a consequence of the effectiveness from one side (which is motivating to next starts), on the other hand, resignation from further trainings. The most effective in TF during the 3-years period had: 80 fights (98% of the effectiveness), 117 fights (75%), 75 fights (84%), 56 fights (79%), 45 fights (60%).
Conclusions: TFVP are a simple tool for predicting success in TF judo. Appropriate qualifying for juvenile judo athletes tournaments in the preliminary period of training judo can effectively reduce the negative tendency of resignation from trainings of a large number of students during the first year of training.
Key words: fun forms of martial arts, motor safety, non-apparatus test, theory of combat sports