2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
Social status and declared benefits of a personality nature by adults people practising karate
Kazimierz Witkowski1, Paweł Piepiora1, Marcin Leśnik1, Juliusz Migasiewicz1
1Nauk o Sporcie, AWF Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; Nauk o Sporcie, AWF Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland; email: pawel.piepiora[at]awf.wroc.pl
Background & Study Aim: Although the mission of sport is being associated with health effects, it is, however, a diversity of disciplines and the competition, systematic long-term training, cyclical participation in sports competition they are the reason for adaptive differences. This differences, apart from effects accumulated in three areas of the health (somatic, mental, social), it determines in an extreme way the survival ability of individuals. The aim of the research is the relationship linking the indicators of social status declared by adults practising karate benefits that apply to the development of their personality traits.
Material & Methods: In the study examined 84 karate athletes from the Lower Silesia region in Poland, in age 16-29 years (49 male, 35 female). Everyone trained in the same club. An author's questionnaire and a social interview were applied.
Results: Karate training (according to practising persons in the same club) had the most impact on consistency, ambition, willpower, emotional control and psychomotor efficiency. Most people do not like the opportunity to use their fighting skills for evil purposes. Declarations prevail that karate training increases self-control but not aggressiveness. Gender is not a factor significantly differentiating practising karate regarding training experience and long-term goals (gaining a higher degree, improving fitness and technology). For most women, karate is the first, systematic sporting experience, while for men, karate is one of the next sports. Women are more successful than men during karate championships.
Conclusions: The synthesis of research results authorises the conclusion that the greatest benefit of karate training, regardless of the gender of the adept, is emotional development, self-esteem and self-confidence. The effects of long-term karate training, in a utilitarian sense, identify people in the first place with self-defence and combat skills, and then with improved fitness and health. Therefore, with certainty as to the ethical and specialist qualifications of a karate trainer, it is justified to recommend this martial arts as a complementary method for all dimensions of positive health and survival ability.
Key words: positive health, martial arts, health-related training, survival ability