2016, Volume 12, Issue 1
The result of "testing fights in a vertical posture" as a criterion of talent for combat sports and self-defence – secondary validation (part II: the accuracy)
Roman Maciej Kalina1, Władysław Jagiełło1, Andrzej Chodała2
1Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
2Department of Physical Education and Sport, Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Author for correspondence: Roman Maciej Kalina; Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; email: kom.kalina[at]op.pl
Background & Study Aim: The work is a continuation of part I: the reliability and refers to the second element of validity (relevance) "testing fights in a vertical posture" (TFVP) – accuracy. The aim of this study is methodological argumentations concerning the verification of the accuracy aspects of TFVP (a consequence of the hypothesis formulated in the first part).
Material & Methods: We analyzed TFVP attended 790 persons (169 female at the age of 11 to 42 and 621 male at the age 10-45). We used mainly the correct version of TFVP basic on general indicators TFVP (winnings fights; F-Index) and specific indicators TFVP (winnings and losing fights; winnings, losing and sum of scuffles; S-Index).
Results: There is a very high correlation (r = 0.892, R2 = 80%) between the number TFVP victory and TFHP (fighting in horizontal posture). Talent for combat sports and self-defence is distributed relatively evenly on people with high physical fitness and others. In the experimental groups (intensively educated to hand-to-hand fight: HTHF) occur occasional correlations between indicators of TFVP and the results of general and specific fitness tests. Many empirical evidence confirms the one hand, the sensitivity of indicators TFVP on modifying factors on the other – that the single factor which constitutes a real talent for HTHF (combat sports and self-defence) substrate is difficult to clearly identify solely on the basis of motoric and somatic indicators,
Conclusions: Secondary validation procedure provides extensive empirical argument that TFVP meets the criteria of methodological tools reliability and accuracy. Final argument stating the TFVP measures talent for fights in a vertical posture will involve positive verification of the following hypothesis: persons who win in accordance with TFVP, achieve successes in combat sports, if effects of professional training may compensate to some extent for shortages in talent.
Key words: experiments, fighting in horizontal posture, fun form of martial arts, hand-to-hand fight, optimal reliability, quasi-apparatus test, scuffle