2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
Heart rate, rating of perceived exertion and basic affective responses during different moments of a single capoeira progressive training session (CPTS)
Sérgio Moreira1, Alfredo Anderson Teixeira-Araújo1, Mariana Camara1, Ferdinando Carvalho1, Thaynã Bezerra1, Anastácio Souza Filho1, Karina Silva2, Eduardo Costa3
1Physical Education, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, Brazil
2Physical Education, State University of Londrina, Brazil
3Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte , Brazil
Author for correspondence: Sérgio Moreira; Physical Education, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, Brazil; email: serginhocapo[at]gmail.com
Background & Study Aim: Little information is available on psychophysiological responses in martial arts which do not have the status of Olympic sport (such as judo, taekwondo) and yet are very popular. Lack of information about the impact of any effort on the human body means the lack of rational control over a given psychomotor human activity. The aim was the knowledge about heart rate (HR), rate perceived exertion and basic affective responses during different moments of a single capoeira progressive training session (CPTS).
Material & Methods: Sixteen adults (10 male, 6 female) were evaluated to HR, rate perceived exertion (RPE 6/20), feeling scale (FS from 5+ to 5–) and perceived activation (PA six points scale). The CPTS lasted 60-min, being: 2-min/playing instruments; 2-min/singing; 8-min/warm-up; 8-min/ginga (the basic movement); 8-min/technical movements; 12-min/passive capoeira; 1-min/capoeira game. The remaining time was distributed in recovery during CPTS. A cycle ergometer test was performed starting at 25W/50W (female/male) with increments of 25W every 1min until exhaustion (50-RPM’s) to anaerobic threshold (AT) and maximal power (PMAX) determination.
Results: When compared to resting the HR (77 ±13 bpm) increased from warm-up (102 ±12 bpm) until capoeira circle (135 ±25 bpm), as well as differed from the total CPTS (117 ±13 bpm). The total CPTS occurred at 80 ±10%HR-AT and 65 ±7%HR-PMAX. The RPE shows increase from resting (8 ±3 points) to ginga (12 ±2 points), technical movements (14±2 points), capoeira circle (14 ±2 pts) and total CPTS (11 ±2 points). The PA increased from resting (3±1 points) to singing (4±1 pts), ginga (4±1 points), technical movements (5 ±1 points) and capoeira circle (5 ±1 points).
Conclusions: A single CPTS increased the HR, RPE and PA responses, maintaining affective valence (FS) in the practitioners during the session. Besides, a CPTS may be an alternative physical activity modality to improve fitness and health of adults with physical activity intensity level (i.e., moderate-vigorous).
Key words: internal load, ginga, exertion, emotions, perception, singing, workload