2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
Relation between knowledge about assessment criteria of susceptibility test of body injuries during a fall and body control during the test
Andrzej Mroczkowski1, Dariusz Mosler2, Ewa Paulina Gemziak 3
1Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland
2Jan Dlugosz University of Czestochowa, Institute Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, Czestochowa, Poland
3Faculty of Physical Education and Health Preservation , State University of Applied Sciences in Konin, Konin, Poland
Author for correspondence: Andrzej Mroczkowski; Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland; email: a.mroczkowski[at]wnps.uz.zgora.pl
Background & Study Aim: Fall is one of leading cause of unintentional injuries and may lead to temporary or permanent disability. Susceptibility test of body injuries during a fall (STBIDF) was designed to assess subconscious way of body control during a dynamic change of the vertical posture towards lying on your back. Recent studies did not reveal, whether being familiar with assessment criteria is changing the way of body control during this test. The aim of the study is knowledge if familiarity with assessment criteria of this non-apparatus test influence its results.
Material & Methods: The study was conducted on a group of 37 female participants, who was physiotherapy students in State University of Applied Sciences in Konin in 2016. Age of participants ranged from 20 to 23 years. STBIDF was applied twice with an interval of 2 weeks. The first test (T1) was conducted accordingly to its methodology. Before second test (T2), participants acquire knowledge about assessment criteria.
Results: Results differs significantly between T1 and T2 for the sum of points, as well as for errors in control over hands and head. The highest repeatability of motor habits was shown for control over hands in task II (89%), while the lowest for control overhead in task III (59%).The highest persistence of committed errors was shown for control overhead in task II (79%), while the lowest for control over hips task I and III (17%).
Conclusions: It was proven that knowledge about assessment criteria influence results of STBIDF. Nevertheless, participants did not correct all of their errors, especially persistence of errors in control overhead is a proof of the diagnostic value of this test in detecting such bad motor habits, which early detection and correcting may prevent possible injuries.
Key words: innovative agonology, injury prevention, non-apparatus test, safe fall, sensorimotor striatum