2018, Volume 14, Issue 1
The influence of the self-defence training on the level of physical fitness for uniformed services candidates
Beata Wolska1, Marek Adam1, Ryszard Pujszo2, Magdalena Płóciennik3, Tomasz Kowalski1, Andrzej Olech3, Tadeusz Sokołowski3
1Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdańsk, Gdansk, Poland
2Physical Education and Sport Education Centre at the Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
3Secondary School Spartakus, Gdansk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Beata Wolska; Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdańsk, Gdansk, Poland; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: Close combat, in a very broad sense including combat sports, martial arts, combat techniques, self-defence, etc., is an important element of military preparation. The aim of the study was the influence of the self-defence training on the level of physical fitness for uniformed services candidates and the correlations between indicators of physical fitness and indicators of body composition.
Material and Methods: The study involved 23 cadets aged 18 years (candidates for special forces) who were pursuing a self-defence program. Self-defence training lasted six months, from October 2017 and in April 2018. InBody720 was used to analyse the body composition. The level of physical fitness was determined on the basis of the International Physical Fitness Test (IPFT). The IPFT was applied twice. Test was conducted in the Laboratory of Physical Effort and Genetics in Sports at Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport.
Statistical analysis was carried out using the StatSoft statistical package Inc. (2014) STATISTICA (data analysis software system) version 12.0.
Results: Results of the study showed a positive impact of the applied self-defence training on the level of selected physical fitness features. Results of the study proved that subjects demonstrated a high level of physical fitness. A number of correlations between the analysed indicators were found.
Conclusions: Subjects were characterised by high indicators of physical performance, which proves that the applied self-defence training was an appropriate means of stimulating a comprehensive motor development of young people preparing to serve in special forces.
Key words: cadet, physical preparation, somatic characteristics, special forces