2013, Volume 9, Issue 1
Definition of extreme physical activity determined through the Delphi method
1Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland
Background and Study Aim: Various forms of extreme physical activity, most often referred to as ‘extreme sports’, have become very popular for many years. The aim of this paper is to define the term ‘extreme forms of physical activity’.
Material and Methods: The Delphi method has been applied. Research procedure is based on the experience of ten experts, specializing in solving difficult or extremely difficult issues or having documented scientific achievements in this area of human activity.
Results: The first stage of the research procedure (applied Delphi method) has revealed high consensus of experts on the main assumptions and premises of the study. High level of consensus among the experts has been demonstrated on the following issues: main premises 90%; main assumptions 90%; the definition of the term ‘extreme forms of physical activity’ 80%.
Conclusions: Applied procedure to determine the definition of extreme forms of physical activity with use of the Delphi method is an empirical evidence of the applicability of this procedure in systematizing key terms of numerous specialised disciplines and specialties in sport sciences (those already explored and those which will be developed in the future).
Key words: sport sciences, research methodology, introspection method, extreme sport, extraspection method