2015, Volume 11, Issue 1
Self-confidence and flow in judo
Carlos Montero-Carretero1, Juan Antonio Moreno-Murcia2, Diana Amado3, Eduardo M Cervelló Gimeno2
1Sport Research Center, University Miguel Hernandez, Elche (Alicante), Spain
2Faculty of Sports Science, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, Elche (Alicante), Spain
3Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain
Author for correspondence: Carlos Montero-Carretero; Sport Research Center, University Miguel Hernandez, Elche (Alicante), Spain
Background and Study Aim: One of the issues that has aroused most interest in sports competition is how a sports person attains flow state to be able to perform at the highest level. However, there are few studies that have analyzed the precursor variables of this state in elite judokas. This study aims to propose and test a theoretical model based on the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation so as to find out some of the precursors of flow state.
Material and Methods: One hundred twenty eight elite Spanish judokas completed questionnaires referring to basic psychological needs (BPN: autonomy, competence and social relations), self-determined motivation, pre-competition self-confidence and flow state in competition.
Results: The structural equation analysis revealed that satisfaction of the needs – competence and relation – predicted self-determined motivation, which in turn predicted pre-competition self-confidence which itself acted as a flow state precursor.
Conclusions: The results are in line with the self-determination theory, and show pre-competition self-confidence as an important determining factor for judokas to reach an optimum psychological state during competition.
Key words: combat sports, pre-competition, psychological needs, self-determined-motivation, self-determination theory