2016, Volume 12, Issue 1

Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case



Claudio Borba-Pinheiro1, Estélio Dantas2, Fernando Jesus3, Olavo Rocha-Júnior4, Alexandre Drigo5, Mauro Carvalho6, Nébia Figueiredo7

1Physical exercise for Health promotion, 1-Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA) Campus XIII Tucuruí, Brasil. 2-Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO/PPGEnfBio). Laboratório de Biociências da Motricidade Humana (LABIMH) Brasil. 3-Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnolo, Tucuruí, Brazil
2Physical exercise for Health promotion, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO/PPGEnfBio). Laboratório de Biociências da Motricidade Humana (LABIMH) Brasil., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3Physical exercise and Sports, Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA) Campus XIII Tucuruí, Brasil, Belém, Brazil
4Physical exercise for Health promotion, Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA) Campus de Tucuruí-PA, Brasil, Tucuruí, Brazil
5Physical education and Professional qualification, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP) Campus Rio Claro, Brasil, Rio Claro, Brazil
6Physical exercise and Sports, Colégio Pedro II, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
7Health care, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO/PPGEnfBio). Laboratório de Biociências da Motricidade Humana (LABIMH) Brasil., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Author for correspondence: Claudio Borba-Pinheiro; Physical exercise for Health promotion, 1-Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA) Campus XIII Tucuruí, Brasil. 2-Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO/PPGEnfBio). Laboratório de Biociências da Motricidade Humana (LABIMH) Brasil. 3-Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnolo, Tucuruí, Brazil; email: claudioborba18[at]gmail.com


Full text

Abstract

Background & Study Aim: With advancing age, the decrease of functional capabilities, increasing the occurrence of diseases, among them, osteoporosis that is characterized by loss of bone mineral density, making bones fragile and susceptible to fractures. Aim of the study was the effect of adapted karate training (AKT) in functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life (QoL) of elderly man with osteoporosis.

Materials & Methods: An elderly man of ethnic Euro-American South with 75 yrs. of age with osteoporosis participated in the study. The program AKT had a three-month period with frequency 3 x wk. in alternate days and with 60 min/class. The functional autonomy by Latin American Maturity Development Group Protocol: 10-m walk (10MW), rising from sitting position (RSP), rising from ventral decubitus position (RVDP) among other tests; the strength of the lower limbs by 10 repetitions maximum (10RM) test  in 45° leg press and leg extension, the short form 36 (SF-36) for assessment of QoL and osteoporosis was determined by Absorptiometry Dual energy X-ray were evaluated.

Results: There was an increase for physical health Δ% = 10%, mental health Δ% = 4% and total QoL Δ% = 5.5%. To functional autonomy increases were observed for all tests, including: RVDP Δ% = –9.18%, RSP Δ% = –22.92%, C10mw Δ% = –21.45. In addition, showed increases in the leg press 45° Δ% = 16.05% and knee extension Δ% = 15.15% tests.

Conclusions: For case study, assessments performance and health variables showed increases in functional autonomy, strength and QoL of elderly men with osteoporosis after AKT. Therefore, it is an empirical justification for the need to intensify research in order to verify the suitability of martial arts in the treatment of osteoporosis.


Key words: physical inactivity, martial arts, combat sport, bone mineral density, resistance training


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Borba-Pinheiro C, Dantas E, Jesus F et al. Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case. SMAES. 2016;12

APA:

Borba-Pinheiro, C., Dantas, E., Jesus, F., Rocha-Júnior, O., Drigo, A., & Carvalho, M. et al. (2016). Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case. SMAES, 12

Chicago:

Borba-Pinheiro, Claudio, Dantas Estélio, Jesus Fernando, Rocha-Júnior Olavo, Drigo Alexandre, Carvalho Mauro, and Figueiredo Néb. 2016. "Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case". SMAES 12

Harvard:

Borba-Pinheiro, C., Dantas, E., Jesus, F., Rocha-Júnior, O., Drigo, A., Carvalho, M., and Figueiredo, N. (2016). Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case. SMAES, 12

MLA:

Borba-Pinheiro, Claudio et al. "Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case." SMAES, vol. 12, 2016

Vancouver:

Borba-Pinheiro C, Dantas E, Jesus F et al. Adapted karate training on functional autonomy, muscle strength and quality of life of elderly man with osteoporosis: a clinical case. SMAES 2016; 12