2015, Volume 11, Issue 1
The result of "testing fights in a vertical posture" as a criterion of talent for combat sports and self-defence – secondary validation (part I: the reliability)
Roman Maciej Kalina1, Władysław Jagiełło1, Andrzej Chodała2
1Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
2Department of Physical Education and Sport, Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Author for correspondence: Władysław Jagiełło; Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; email: wjagiello1[at]wp.pl
Background and Study Aim: In the traditional approach to predicting and selecting youth for sport, the following are enumerated: physical fitness, motor skills, mental predispositions, or health status. On the basis of many of the measured characteristics of athletes at the highest level of sports championships and statistical processing of this information, conclusions and recommendations concerning the choice and selection for a particular sports discipline are formulated. This study aims at the secondary validation (only reliability aspect) of the result of “testing fights in a vertical posture” (TFVP) as a criterion of talent for combat sports and self-defence.
Material and Methods: The published and yet unpublished results of research with the use of TFVP (50 male at the age of 19 to 44 years) were subjected to secondary analysis. TFVP indicators in the testing (competitive) groups (in this part 4 to 5 people) with a similar or identical body weight were correlated with indices of motor tests and with the body weight. The reliability measured by test-retest method.
Results: A low and very low correlation of both empirical variables is a regularity, and in some empirical systems (with the opponents’ similar body weight) is not statistically significant. The body weight factor interacts with TFVP efficiency indices if the difference in body mass is ≥ 5 kg. The reliability of the test is proved by a high correlation of points (r = 0.855) between each repetition of the TFVP (for the place in the testing group r = 0.833).
Conclusions: TFVP efficiency indices meet the criteria of synthetic measures of talent for combat sports and self-defence. TFVP, due to a simple and safe formula, can be commonly used in health-related training, sport for all, in physical education classes, sport training, etc.
Key words: stability, scuffle, non-apparatus test, experiments, accuracy, test-retest method