2016, Volume 12, Issue 1
The influence of 12 weeks application of dynamic and static stretching on the range of joint mobility for the group of soccer players
Hana Kabešová1, Tereza Potužníková1, Vanda Hrbková1, Pavlína Císařová1, Lenka Černá1, Jitka Vaněčková1
1Department of Physical Education and Sport, Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem, Faculty of Education, Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
Author for correspondence: Hana Kabešová; Department of Physical Education and Sport, Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem, Faculty of Education, Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic; email: hana.kabesova[at]ujep.cz
Background & Study Aim: The optimal level of flexibility helps to streamline the movement, thereby becoming one of the important components of sports performance. The aim of this study is the effect of six weeks applications of dynamic and static stretching on active mobility of the hip joint in selected soccer players.
Material & Methods: To obtain the data we used a stretching program developer by us focused on dynamic or static stretching. Two selected male soccer player groups were during the intervention period of six weeks evaluated for changes in the range of joint mobility. Static stretching program we applied to the players (aged 19-30 years) of TJ Krupka three times a week in the final part of the training unit for six weeks. Dynamic stretching program was applied to players (agend 18-29 years) TJ Česká Lípa three times a week twelve minutes in the warm up of the training unit for six weeks. Active mobility of the hip joint – flexion and extension of both legs was evaluated before and after the stretching program.
Resulst: Are statistically significant differences in the active range of motion when exposed to static and dynamic stretching with dominant and non-dominant leg. Motion interventions using dynamic stretching has proven significantly more effective for the dominant limb and with the non-dominant lower limb, rather than static stretching method.
Conclusions: Static stretching program has proven suitable for use in the final part of the training unit, which is used for general calming of the body and the release of a muscle tension. Dynamic stretching program, by contrast, proved to be suitable for inclusion in the warm-up of the training unit. In terms of increasing the range of motion in the monitored joint-muscular unit, the dynamic stretching during prolonged application proved more effective than using static stretching. Therefore, we recommend such a methodology.
Key words: flexibility, range of motion, stretching program