2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
Multidimensional tests as a fundamental diagnostic tools in the prophylactic and therapeutic agonology – methodological basis of personal safety
Roman Maciej Kalina1
1Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Poland
Author for correspondence: Roman Maciej Kalina; Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports, Poland; email: kom.kalina[at]op.pl
Background & Study Aim: The term “human development” has positive connotations and is always associated with the progress in some sake. For example, limb amputation objectively disregard as the progress (if the medicine is powerless in order to preserve the integrity of the body of the given individual). However, the fact that man after the amputation has successes in sport of people with disabilities, in professional activities and social, leads a happy family life is evidence of the continuation of multidimensional individual development (mental, motor, social, etc.). The aim of this study is scientific argumentation create multidimensional tests for the diagnosis of positive health and ability to survive in the universal sense.
Material & Methods: A critical analysis is based on the praxeological concept of “possibility of action” (dispositional-, situational-, complete feasibility) in opposition to the paradigm of analytical measuring positive health and physical fitness prevailing at views sport science experts and in the practice of physical education and sport for all (recreation). A secondary analysis of the results of research Polish military cadets (34 from experimental group, 36 control group), who began their studies in academic year 1979/1980 (during this period, there were two hostile political and military systems, and terrorism intensification). Cadets during the first 8 months of military training four times done a multidimensional military specific test MMST-10 (10 tasks at 3 km simulated attack).
Results: The use of MMST-10 has provided empirical evidence of the effectiveness of modern training methods (close to the efforts and the necessary precision shooting at the biathlon) adapted to the specific military training compared inefficient methods of traditional soldiers training. Only a few recommended indicators of somatic and physical development correlate with the results of MMST-10 in the initial weeks of military training. The longer the period of modern military training the highest scores of this test reaches people with specific abilities.
Conclusions: After the Cold War and the Iron Curtain moral dilemmas concern the boundaries of dissemination of scientific knowledge, which they can also use active and potential terrorists. Optimal argumentation provides prophylactic and therapeutic agonology referring to the mixed assessment (praxeological – ethical): the man has the right and the researches the obligation to provide the knowledge, which opens to everyone chance survival ability even in extreme emergency situations. The optimal method of defence against terrorists in verbal way is permanent monitoring in public space the question – “why you must kill?”
Key words: motor competence, possibility of action, positive health, praxeology, survival ability, terrorism