2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
The course of judo competition created by gold medalists of the World Judo Championships 2015 in Astana
Ryszard Pujszo1, Marek Adam2, Beata Wolska2
1Centrum Edukacji Kultury Fizycznej i Sportu, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego, Bydgoszcz, Poland
2Wychowanie Fizyczne, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego i Sportu, Gdańsk, Poland
Author for correspondence: Beata Wolska; Wychowanie Fizyczne, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego i Sportu, Gdańsk, Poland; email: beata.wolska[at]wp.pl
Background & Study Aim: Characteristic features of technical-tactical preparedness of athletes who won the World Judo Championships are model values to estimate the starting effectiveness. The analysis of the manner the top athletes win during one of the most important sport events may acknowledge reference values. The aim of this study is knowledge about ways of contests leading to a victory only by gold medalists of the World Judo Championships (i.e. the athletes who won all the fights).
Material & Methods: The research material is based on the gold medalists combat analysis of the World Judo Championships 2015 in Astana (Kazakhstan). The data provided by moving-image material was studied, and among other, the graphic registration of fights (covered only the gold medalists contests, 41 in total). Statistical reliability of the data received from two coaches was evaluated by the PQStat. v.1.4.4. program. The following variables were calculated: attack efficiency (Ea), fight effectiveness (Sa) of the World Judo Championships winners and their opponents. We presented also one-minute “image” of the fight and a fight as a step within the course of the World Judo Championships.
Results: The World Judo Championships gold medallists are characterized by significant offensive possibilities in the attack demonstrated both by the number of ippons and their art of defence possibility, shown also in little number of effective actions of their opponents. The dominant attack is the “forward” (in judo jargon) technique. The way the contest is exercised indicates the exploratory character of the 1 minute of fight, the decisive character of the 2 minute and maintaining concentration and endurance up to the end.
Conclusions: Disclosed observation data (the specificity of the ways of fighting by the judo world champions), according to the authors, can be explained by a two-stage approach to competition combined with the principle of saving power in qualifications and re-mobilization during the finales fights.
Key words: effectiveness of actions, directions of attacks, attack efficiency, fight effectiveness, fight structure