2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
Prevention and treatment of injuries sustained in combat sports by adolescents aged 15-16
Kazimierz Witkowski1, Paweł Piepiora1, Kacper Gembalski1
1University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and Study Aim: In combat sports, numerous competitors with short training experience are injured relatively quickly. Such injuries, improperly treated or not treated, turn into a persistent, chronic conditions. The goal of this study was to analyse data on prevention and treatment methods for martial arts practitioners.
Material and Methods: The study enrolled 102 martial arts practitioners aged 15-16; 51 of which were female and 51 of which were male. The study was conducted using a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions that was drawn up specifically to meet its goals.
Results: Analysis of data collected makes it possible to verify the state of knowledge about prevention and treatment of injuries sustained by martial arts practitioners.
Conclusions: The majority of individuals who start training combat sports are not aware of the risk associated with them. Preventive measures have no impact on injuries of the practitioners. The respondents suffered from injuries to a comparable extent. They are aware of the importance of warm-up and stretching exercises in sports training. Soft tissue bruises are the most common injuries sustained by the participants. Physical therapy treatments are commonly used during rehabilitation. The average treatment of injuries in the participants lasted for at least 14 days. The majority of athletes declared that they regained complete fitness after treatment. Injured ones paid more attention to issues related to prevention of overloads in the training process.
Key words: injuries, combat sports, adolescents, prevention, treatment