2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
Directions of changes in match structure in female wrestling based on World Wrestling Championships 2014 and The Olympic Games 2016 observations
Artur Kruszewski1, Marek Kruszewski1, Stanisław Kuźmicki1, Rafał Tabęcki1
1Department of Individual and Team Sports , Jozef Pilsudski Uniwersity of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Author for correspondence: Artur Kruszewski; Department of Individual and Team Sports , Jozef Pilsudski Uniwersity of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; email: Artur.firstname.lastname@example.org
Background & Study Aim: In all sport disciplines, the simplest and the most commonly used method of the athlete level evaluation, or theirs progress in sport competition is observation. The aim of study was knowledge about current trends of changes in structure of matches in female wrestling, through similarities and differences identification of technical activities performed during World Wrestling Championships (Tashkent, Uzbekistan 2014) and the Olympic Games (Rio De Janeiro 2016).
Material &Methods: Study included the course of sport competition during World Wrestling Championships 2014, where 92 competitors have participated, and 167 matches were played, and the Olympic Games 2016, where 115 competitors have participated and 112 matches were played. The source material comprised digital record’s of matches, which enabled secondary and direct analysis with multiplied repetition and stoppage of recording.
Results: In both tournaments, points score decided about the result of majority of matches. The most commonly technical activities used were takedowns. On this basis, no significant differences were identified in structure of duel’s settling, and the most dominant way of victory was winning in regular match time.
Conclusions: The results of our analyzes (a small number of fights won before the end of regular time) confirm the principle that endurance preparation is one of important factors determining sport success in women’s wrestling. Another crucial determinant of victory is ability of fast reaction to opponent’s activities (counterattack), that confirms the high number of takedowns performed by competitors in lower weight categories.
Key words: combat sports, leg attack, tactics, taekwondo, technique