2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
The use of a rotational training simulator for increasing safety during forward squat somersault on the trampoline
1Department of Sports and Health Promotion, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland
Author for correspondence: Andrzej Mroczkowski; Department of Sports and Health Promotion, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background & Study Aim: Jumping on a trampoline involves using its elastic surface for take-offs, the workouts aimed at obtaining complex, usually rotational motion over the trampoline. The cognitive purpose of the paper is the knowledge about the two phenomena: a) the effect of exercise on the rotating training simulator on increasing safety when performing a somersault on a trampoline; b) the impact of academic knowledge of rotational motion mechanics, extended by exercises on the rotating training simulator, on trampolining safety.
Material & Methods: The sample comprised 72 female physical education students aged 20.5 ±2.4 years. The participants were randomly assigned to one of the two groups (with 36 participants each). Within a month the students were taught how to perform a single forward somersault from a squatting position in different ways: group A, before training on a trampoline performed specific motor tasks (workouts) on the rotating training simulator; group B, in turn, performed conventional workouts. After test somersault performance, all the students wrote the test measuring their knowledge on motor safety during jumps on a trampoline. The evaluation was based on “zero-one” criterion (a correct or an incorrect reply). The range of rating involves a continuum from 0 (no correct reply) to 10 (all replies are correct).
Results: In group B it was found that 25% committed a second-degree error, 42% committed a first-degree error and 33% correctly performed the landing. In group A and B, second-degree and first-degree errors were noted in 3% and 28% respectively, while in 69% the landing technique was correctly performed. The mean value obtained in group A students was 7.19 while in group B the corresponding value was 5.25.
Conclusions: Faster learning of safety landing during forward squat somersault training, as compared with conventional methods, ensures a combination of the following elements of intellectual and motor nature, namely: the knowledge of rotational motion mechanics and explanation of the rules while performing workouts on a rotating training simulator.
Key words: pro-health education, motor safety, jumping, sports-related activities