2020, Volume 16, Issue 1

Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level



Paweł Piepiora1, Kazimierz Witkowski1

1Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland


Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland; email: pawel.piepiora@awf.wroc.pl



Full text

Abstract

Background & Study Aim: Combat sports, in relation to other sports groups, are distinguished by a utilitarian factor, which manifests itself in the use of acquired skills in self-defence. The cognitive aim of this study was to answer the question: whether the personality of combat sports fighters at the championship level distinguishes them in some sense from other sportsmen.

Material & Methods: Polish champions (N = 118) from three groups of sports disciplines were examined: combat sports (n = 49), individual sports (n = 56), and team sports/games (n = 13). The five-factor model of personality (Big Five) the NEO-FFI questionnaire was used. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics, version 25.

Results: There was only one statistically significant difference for neuroticism, and a trend was observed in conscientiousness. Combat sports champions showed a statistically significantly lower level of neuroticism in relation to the champions of individual sports.

Conclusions: Combat sports champions showed a statistically significantly lower level of neuroticism in relation to the champions of individual sports. It was presumed that it depends on the specificity of sports groups. A utilitarian factor influence – self-defence – became apparent, characteristic only for combat sports.


Key words: theory of combat sports, personality, Big Five, mastery


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Piepiora P, Witkowski K. Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level. Arch Budo Sci Martial Arts Extreme Sports. 2020;16

APA:

Piepiora, P., & Witkowski, K. (2020). Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level. Arch Budo Sci Martial Arts Extreme Sports, 16

Chicago:

Piepiora, Paweł, Witkowski Kazimierz. 2020. "Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level". Arch Budo Sci Martial Arts Extreme Sports 16

Harvard:

Piepiora, P., and Witkowski, K. (2020). Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level. Arch Budo Sci Martial Arts Extreme Sports, 16

MLA:

Piepiora, P., and Witkowski, K. "Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level." Arch Budo Sci Martial Arts Extreme Sports, vol. 16, 2020

Vancouver:

Piepiora P, Witkowski K. Self-defence as a utilitarian factor in combat sports, modifying the personality of athletes at a champion level. Arch Budo Sci Martial Arts Extreme Sports 2020; 16