2020, Volume 16, Issue 1
Students' attitudes towards survival competencies before and after Covid-19 lockdown
1College of Medical Sciences Institute of Physical Culture Studies, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszów, Poland
Author for correspondence: Robert Bąk; College of Medical Sciences Institute of Physical Culture Studies, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszów, Poland; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background & Study Aim: Having the survival competences is one of the basic, utilitarian skills of a human being. However, these competences are not common, especially among young people. In 2020, societies around the world face a new health threat from Covid-19. Lockdown, widely used as one form of fighting the virus, has presented humanity with a new challenge in how to survive isolation. At the same time, it revealed shortcomings in terms of survival skills. The main aim of the research was the knowledge about attitudes of students towards survival competences before and after lockdown and whether isolation modifies these attitudes.
Material & Methods: We analysed declarations and survival skills 44 students (20 women, 24 men) of the University of Rzeszów (Poland) faculty of physical education (physical education in uniformed services). The first group (before, code “BF”: women 9, men 12) was tested in 2019, the second group in 2020 after the Covid-19 lockdown (code “AF”: women 11, men 12).
Results: Both groups declared having similar, relatively low competences in the field of survival. However, the BF group declared a greater willingness to acquire new survival skills and a much higher need for such courses among students. During the assessment of the competences involved and acquired in the field of Five Basic Survival Needs, the BF group achieved higher scores. In the opinion of the students of the BF group, lockdown significantly contributed to the growth of their interest in courses in the field of survival competences.
Conclusions: The isolation of students, related to Covid-19 lockdown, caused by the increased awareness of the necessity of survival skills, as research has revealed. It also caused an increase in involvement during the survival course. This provides the basis for further research (especially psychological, social) related to the reason for such attitudes.
Key words: Five Basic Survival Needs, physical education in uniformed services, survival awareness, survival skills