2014, Volume 10, Issue 1
Classification of judo motor skills: tactical and motor criteria approach
Xurxo Dopico1, Eliseo Iglesias-Soler1, Eduardo Carballeira1
1Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain
The so-called combat sports involving a grip in general, and judo in particular, represent a complex reality of disciplines with common structural features. Such sports, particulary judo, require a great number of skills and techniques, which are used for sporting objectives; to facilitate understanding and simplify their organization, numerous classifications have been proposed. Studying a sport through the analysis of its motor skills involves, in the first place, organizing and classifying its different movements based on relevant and pertinent criteria, and relating them to the main objective. This work aims to present a proposal for the classification and organization of specific judo skills, based on the establishment of motor and tactical criteria, to analyse and optimize learnig and training processes, and applied research, enabling a new perspective on sporting analysis. Our main intention is to organize judo motor skills in order to: a) facilitate the acquisition of a large amount of movements (techniques) and to design a tool for acquiring a significative learning through a classification based on motor criteria; b) use this proposal as a resource to design, control and optimize the training process; and c) analyse the sport of judo from a tactical perspective by studying the relationship between the different components of the struggle.
Criteria used for classification were: a) Movement structure (with turning, without turning or supine position), b) Sustentation base (one support, two supports or back support), c) Space where the opponent is thrown (forward throw or backward throw), d) Direction of the dynamic leg (ipsilateral direction or contralateral direction), e) Spatial zone of the dynamic leg (inner zone or external zone).
Nine groups of specific judo tecniques, with common motor features, are presented through the combination of these criteria to organize and optimize learning, training and analysis of the bout.
Key words: science of martial arts, vision, global scheme of motor skill