2014, Volume 10, Issue 1
The attractiveness of judo contests as a sports entertainment
Dariusz Boguszewski1, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk1, Katarzyna Boguszewska2, Marcin Siewierski3, Wiesław Błach4, Dariusz Białoszewski1
1Physiotherapy Division, Rehabilitation Department, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2Piotr Skarga Catholic Educational Center in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
3Theory of Sport Department, University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
4Faculty of Sport Didactics, University of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland
Background and Study Aim: The rules in judo are changed in the last years many times. The main reason was make judo more attractive for spectators. The main purpose of the research was the factors determining the attractiveness of judo fights as sport spectacles.
Material and Methods: The research was carried out on a group of 159 people (51 women and 108 men). All research participants saw the recordings of 10 judo fights and were asked, using a 1-10 scale, to grade to what degree each of the fights was interesting and attractive. Each fight was thoroughly analyzed in order to separate the factors which have the greatest impact on us in considering a fight spectacular entertainment. Kalina’s struggle dynamics measurement method was applied for this very purpose.
Results: The average grading of the fights generally correlated (r=0.91, p<0.001) with their general dynamics expressed with the Struggle Dynamics Index (SDI). What was also recorded that strong positive correlation between the grades and offensive activeness (r=0.84, p<0.001), general activeness (r=0.7, p<0.001) and the total of points gathered (r=0.55, p<0.001).
Conclusions: In order to make judo more spectacular and attractive as a spectacle and in order to accurately present its utilitarian character, the rules governing this sport should be changed to raise the level of activity, offensive activity and general dynamics. In the face of radical changes in the regulations and their interpretation, introduced for the purpose of making judo a more media-friendly discipline, it should be examined how these factors impact the attractiveness of combats as sports entertainment.
Key words: judo, martial arts, sports show, spectators