2014, Volume 10, Issue 1
Methods of measurement of somatic health and survival abilities in the framework of the questionnaire SPHSA – methodological aspects
Roman M Kalina1, Artur Kalina2
1Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
2Plus-Rehabilitation Services. Ltd, Fargo, United States
Author for correspondence: Roman M Kalina; Department of Combat Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; email: kom.kalina[at]op.pl
Background and Study Aim: Previously published studies using the Profile of Sense of Positive Health and Survival Abilities (SPHSA) are based on subjective assessments of the respondents. The actual allocation questionnaire SPHSA relies on reviewing these assessments in an empirical way. The main objective of the article is a method of the measurement somatic health (dimension A) and survival abilities (dimension D) defined in method of SPHSA.
Material and Methods: Measurement of somatic health indicators based on expert designing method using (except systolic and diastolic blood pressure) non-apparatus and quasi apparatus tests. Five survival abilities indicators measured by quasi apparatus tests, while two indicators are estimated on the basis of the declaration of the respondents. Delphi methods (three scientists specialists of an extreme physical activity) was used in the development of criteria of empirical verification for this group of indicators. Profiles six female (3 declared engagement in everyday physical activity whereas 3 were occasionally active) selected from 45 students examined this method are empirical justification is the relevance of the method.
Results: Empirical data and logical reasoning prove that measurement of somatic health (dimension A) and survival abilities (dimension D) may be made by any person who will learn the methodology of questionnaire SPHSA and earlier will make subjectively estimated of these indicators. Empirical evaluation of mental health (dimension B) and social health (dimension C) SPHSA can only be done by a qualified professionals.
Conclusions: Comparatistic of profiles based on subjectively estimated indicators and empirically diagnosed indicators is a prerequisite for the rational development and planning of health related training and correction programs and training plans based on periodic inspection.
Key words: delphi method, designing method, health related training, mental and social health, non-apparatus tests, quasi apparatus tests