2020, Volume 16, Issue 1
The snow avalanche event analysis – a proposal of the new method in the example of the Giant Mountains
Zbigniew Piepiora1, Paweł Piepiora2
1Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, Department of Spatial Economy, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland
2Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
Author for correspondence: Paweł Piepiora; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland; email: email@example.com
Background and Study Aim: The snow avalanches occur in very high mountains like Himayalas where the avalanche occurred on Pumori killing 19 people on 04.25.2015 or in high mountains like the Apennines where the avalanche appeared on Gran Sasso d'Italia and caused 29 deaths on 01.18.2017. They can also appear in not high mountains. The aim of this study is answer the question: ‘What are the most prone avalanche areas in the Giant Mountains’? The hypothesis is: ‘The most prone avalanche area in the Giant Mountains is the Biały Jar’.
Materials and Methods: The paper contains the proposal of the new method – the snow avalanche event analysis (SAEA). This method consists of 6 steps: studying the avalanches; collecting the global data; gathering the local data; comparing the data; assessing the risk; computing the effects. To analysis authors acquired information from secondary sources on the number of tourists visiting the Karkonoski Park Narodowy in 2010-2016 and the Krkonošský národní park in 2012-2015 and data on the occurrence of snow avalanches in the Giant Mountains in the years (1655 to 2018).
Results: The most prone snow avalanche areas in the whole Giant Mountains, in the Polish and Czech part, are (the risk indicators in brackets): the Obří důl (0.002515%), the Dlouhý důl (0.002260%), the Biały Jar (0.001702%) and the Kocioł Małego Stawu (0.001560%).
Conclusions: Authors falsified the formulated hypothesis: ‘The most prone avalanche area in the Giant Mountains is the Biały Jar’. We applied positively the new method – m SAEA – in the example of the Giant Mountains (Karkonosze).
Key words: Karkonoski Park Narodowy, Horska služba ČR, Górskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe, Karkonosze, Krkonoše, Krkonošský národní park, mountain rescue service, National Park