2023, Volume 19, Issue 1
Knowledge of visual and verbal performance in learning a judo throw: tai otoshi
Gleyson Ribeiro Alves1, Cleber de Souza Lopes1, Márcio Mário Vieira1
1School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Author for correspondence: Cleber de Souza Lopes; School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; email: email@example.com
Background & Study Aim: Learning motor skills is a complex process, influenced by different factors, including extrinsic feedback. Knowledge of performance (KP), a type of feedback, provides information to the learner in the process of acquiring motor skills, as it is related to the movement pattern. The present study aims is knowledge about the effects of different forms of KP supply (visual, verbal and visual + verbal) on learning a judo throw: tai otoshi.
Material & Methods: Thirty-six participants were randomly assigned to three groups: visual KP group (VIKPG) the learners received KP through video; verbal KP group (VEKPG) the learners received KP verbally from a single experimenter, with a description of the sequence of the skill elements; visual + verbal KP group (VIVEKPG) the learners received KP through video and KP through the experimenter, alternately. The experiment consisted of a pre-test, acquisition phase, post-test and retention test.
Results: The results of the present study determined a significant difference between the groups, with superior performance of VIVEKPG in relation to VEKPG or VIKPG. These findings suggest the positive influence of the two forms of information in the analysis and correction of the movement structure, leading to more effective motor learning.
Conclusions: In short, the visual KP associated with the verbal KP promoted a better learning of the judo throw: tai otoshi. This finding seems to be associated with the complementary aspect of the two forms of information in the process of acquiring motor skills.
Key words: intrinsic feedback, extrinsic feedback, acquisition, motor learning, motor skill