2021, Volume 17, Issue 1
Lifestyle and body composition on irrigation and pH of physiotherapy students
1Health Institute, Podhale State College of Applied Sciences in Nowy Targ, Nowy Targ, Poland
Author for correspondence: Paulina Chmielak; Health Institute, Podhale State College of Applied Sciences in Nowy Targ, Nowy Targ, Poland; email: email@example.com
Background and & Study Aim: Nowadays the topic of health for many young people goes to the background. The issues of rational nutrition, preventive examinations and physical activity are neglected. Interest in health grows only when there are disturbing symptoms that may indicate the development of the disease and often then it is too late to fix the body. Despite the educational programs already conducted in primary schools in the field of physical activity and healthy eating, the number of people struggling with lifestyle diseases is increasing year by year, unfortunately it concerns younger and younger people. The aim of the study was knowledge about the influence of lifestyle and body composition on dehydration and body pH of physiotherapy students.
Material & Methods: The study involved 50 physiotherapy students, 25 women and 25 men aged 22 to 26. In order to characterize the research material, a study was carried out using the diagnostic survey method, using the author's own questionnaire technique. In order to assess body composition, the TANITA device was used, while to check the level of hydration and pH of the body, a specialized device for diagnostics and therapy using electromagnetic vibrations – Bioresonance Quantum Pro+.
Results: Among the surveyed group, ¼ of the students were characterized by a physically inactive lifestyle, the rest of the respondents were physically active or very active. With the increase in the level of active lifestyle, the percentage of body fat, BMI, metabolic age, adiposity of internal organs decreased, and the percentage of water in the body increased, and dehydration decreased. The increase in body weight, increase in adipose tissue, adiposity of internal organs, higher BMI and lower metabolic rate influenced the decrease in pH value. In turn, the increase in pH resulted from an increase in the amount of water in the body. The higher the physical activity of the subjects, the lower the metabolic age and the better the metabolism, which is the greater the more water there is in the body.
Conclusions: The study proved that dehydration decreased with an increase in active lifestyle, while the level of dehydration among students increased with an increase in body weight and/or body fat. Similar results apply to the acidification of the body - the higher the body weight and/or more body fat, the more the pH decreased in the study group, while the pH increased with the increase in water in the body.
Key words: physical activity, dehydration, acidification, acid-base balance